A magazine devoted to ancient history.

The invention of writing on Rapa Nui (Easter Island). New radiocarbon dates on the Rongorongo script (doi.org)

Abstract: “Placing the origin of an undeciphered script in time is crucial to understanding the invention of writing in human history. Rapa Nui, also known as Easter Island, developed a script, now engraved on fewer than 30 wooden objects, which is still undeciphered. Its origins are also obscure. Central to this issue is...

Scandinavia's first farmers slaughtered the hunter-gatherer population, study finds (www.sciencedaily.com)

“Following the arrival of the first farmers in Scandinavia 5,900 years ago, the hunter-gatherer population was wiped out within a few generations, according to a new study. The results, which are contrary to prevailing opinion, are based on DNA analysis of skeletons and teeth found in what is now Denmark.”...

A new pterosaur from the Middle Jurassic of Skye, Scotland and the early diversification of flying reptiles (doi.org)

Abstract: “The Middle Jurassic was a critical time in pterosaur evolution, witnessing the appearance of major morphological innovations that underpinned successive radiations by rhamphorhynchids, basally branching monofenestratans, and pterodactyloids. Frustratingly, this interval is particularly sparsely sampled, with a...

Stable isotope chemistry reveals plant-dominant diet among early foragers on the Andean Altiplano, 9.0–6.5 cal. ka (9,000 to 6,500 years ago) (doi.org)

Abstract: Current models of early human subsistence economies suggest a focus on large mammal hunting. To evaluate this hypothesis, we examine human bone stable isotope chemistry of 24 individuals from the early Holocene sites of Wilamaya Patjxa (9.0–8.7 cal. ka) and Soro Mik’aya Patjxa (8.0–6.5 cal. ka) located at 3800...

Analyses of the brown stain on the Parthenon Centaur head in Denmark [Open Access] (doi.org)

Abstract “In 1688 two sculptural fragments, a head of bearded man and a head of an unbearded youth, arrived in Copenhagen, sent from Athens as a gift to King Christian 5. They were placed in the Royal Kunstkammer, their provenance given as the Temple of Artemis in Ephesos, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Almost a...

The origins of saddles and riding technology in East Asia: discoveries from the Mongolian Altai (www.cambridge.org)

Abstract:“Innovations in horse equipment during the early Middle Ages provided advantages to societies from the steppes, reshaping the social landscape of Eurasia. Comparatively little is known about the precise origin of these crucial advances, although the available evidence points to early adoption in East Asia. The authors...

World’s Oldest Fortress Discovered in Siberia Challenges Traditional Archaeology (www.ancient-origins.net)

Snippet: “Built by hunters-gatherers in Siberia around 8,000 years ago, archaeologists have discovered the world's oldest fortress. Known as The Amnya I and II fortress, historians claim this structure will greatly assist them in understanding how complex hunter-gatherer societies evolved in the Mesolithic period....

More than a meteorite: New clues about the demise of dinosaurs (www.mcgill.ca)

What wiped out the dinosaurs? A meteorite plummeting to Earth is only part of the story, a new study suggests. Climate change triggered by massive volcanic eruptions may have ultimately set the stage for the dinosaur extinction, challenging the traditional narrative that a meteorite alone delivered the final blow to the ancient...

Mysterious Stone Age Cemetery Found Near The Arctic – Why Are The Graves Empty? (www.ancientpages.com)

Snippet: "We have reviewed the archival material from the original excavations and undertaken further test excavations to confirm some of the findings. We argue that the site of Tainiaro was most likely, although not certainly, a large Stone Age cemetery of the fifth millennium BC....

Paleolithic Humans May Have Understood The Properties Of Rocks For Making Stone Tools (www.ancientpages.com)

Snippet “ The research team led by the Nagoya University Museum and Graduate School of Environmental Studies in Japan believe Paleolithic humans understood which rocks were appropriate for making tools and, therefore, intentionally searched for them. According to their hypothesis, Paleolithic humans intentionally searched for...

Artifact Laden Pre-Hispanic, Pre-Volcanic Tombs Excavated in Mexico (www.ancient-origins.net)

Snippet. “Only meters away from Constituyentes Avenue, at the periphery of the third section of Chapultepec Forest, researchers from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) have discovered a collection of ancient pre-Hispanic burial sites. The ten “conical” tomb structures dated back to around 3,500...

Ancient Skulls From Ukraine Reveal Early Modern Humans Came From The East (www.ancientpages.com)

“ How did our species, Homo sapiens, arrive in Western Europe? Published in Nature Ecology & Evolution, our new study analyzes two skull fragments dating back between 37,000 and 36,000 years to conclude that our ancestors came from Eastern Europe and migrated westwards....

Riddle Of The Indo-European Language – Which Of The Two Hypotheses Is Correct? (www.ancientpages.com)

“Despite numerous studies, many questions still remain as to the origin of Indo-European: where was the original Indo-European language spoken in prehistoric times? How long ago did this language group emerge? How did it spread across Eurasia?…...

Origin of mummified baboons found in ancient Egypt (www.uni-konstanz.de)

“An interdisciplinary project led by primatologist Gisela Kopp is using genetic analysis to determine the geographic origin of mummified baboons found in ancient Egypt. The team finds evidence that the two legendary trading regions of Punt and Adulis may have been the same place separated by a thousand years of history.”

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